A new study suggests that some people may have some ability to transmit cultural transmissions, but it’s not clear how or when.
Key points:The study found that some cultures have strong cultural transmission, but not othersIt found that, although people in some cultures do transmit cultural beliefs, it’s still unclear how that is done and whether it’s socially acceptableA study by researchers at the University of New South Wales, Melbourne, has found that “cultural transmission” refers to a social norm in which a person’s culture is passed on to others.
Researchers from the Australian National University (ANU) and the University for the Study of the Social Lives of People in Australia (USASPE) used data from the United Nations Population Division to examine how cultural transmission might work.
“People who have some transmission of cultural beliefs do tend to be more open-minded about their beliefs,” Dr. Paul McKeon, a postdoctoral fellow at ANU, told ABC News.
“So they tend to think more critically about their own beliefs.
They tend to tend to say, ‘I’m not a bigot, I don’t want to impose my culture on others.'”
He added that people in other cultures, who are not culturally transmission-resistant, might “not have the same ability to transfer beliefs and have a different experience of their culture.”‘
Culture-based violence’In one study, Dr McKeo said some people in Australia were born with certain cultural beliefs that could be transmitted through culture-based or gender-based acts of violence, such as wearing headscarves or wearing a dress.
But there was no evidence that culture- or gender identity-based discrimination was associated with these acts, the researchers wrote in their report.
Dr McKe on cultural transmission.
“What we found was that people who had some cultural transmission were more likely to engage in discrimination, as well as to engage more in cultural transmission through discrimination,” Dr McGlon said.
“And there was also some evidence that cultural transmission in some of the cultures we looked at did in fact have cultural transmission.”
Dr McGlo and colleagues examined the data for 1,082 people aged between 18 and 60 in the United Kingdom.
The researchers found that among people who have cultural or gender transmission-resistance, the chances of them being discriminated against in their daily lives is about 1 in 20.
And among people with cultural transmission-status, the chance of being discriminated is about 6 in 20 times.
“We found that people with culture-related violence and violence against women, and those who engage in gender-related discrimination are about three times more likely than others to engage gender-specific violence in their everyday lives,” Dr McMelon said in a press release.
“However, we didn’t see that it was related to the type of discrimination that might be associated with cultural transfer.”
The researchers then looked at data from two other studies, which found similar results.
The studies also found that the chances for discrimination were higher among people of colour than whites, women than men, and people with disabilities.
Dr McMelons research also found the same relationship between gender identity and discrimination.
“It appears that gender identity is linked to discrimination against women and people of color, and it’s linked to racism against disabled people,” he said.
Dr McLaughlin said cultural transmission was not restricted to those who are culturally transmission resistant.
“The ability to engage, for example, in cultural practices that have been passed down through cultural transmission is shared by a great many people, including people with disability,” she said.
The study has not yet been published in a peer-reviewed journal.
But Dr McMelon said it did “help shed light on some of these complex questions” about the social-norm-based nature of social-differences.
“These questions will need to be answered in more detail,” he told ABC radio.
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